Alternative scenarios

The geothermal power of a doublet can be enhanced in several ways. Two options were calculated in ThermoGIS: by stimulating both wells and by adding a heat pump. A third scenario combines the two options. This results in four scenarios:

  • Base case
  • Well stimulation
  • Heat pump
  • Well stimulation and heat pump

Well stimulation

The goal of stimulating a well is to decrease the resistance the water encounters while being produced from or injected into the reservoir. Technically, this means that the skin factor of the well is reduced. For the well stimulation scenario in ThermoGIS, the skin reduction was set to a value of 3. In combination with the skin due to the well deviation, this results in a skin factor of -4 for both wells. The CAPEX, which is the cost of stimulation, was then increased by €0.5 million.

Heat pump

Many options exist for implementing a heat pump. For this scenario, the heat pump was added to the end of the surface installation, and the return temperature decreased from 30 °C to 20 °C. In this way, the excess produced heat qualifies for SDE+. The electricity that is consumed by running the pump and for extracting more heat from the brine before re-injection does not qualify. The way in which the heat is used in the process is not described here - the application can be very diverse. Rather than calculating a COP, a value of 5 is adopted. The heat pump CAPEX is assumed to be €200 per kW-power, and the yearly OPEX €20 per kW. The heat produced by the electrical pump of the heat pump is not added to the power of the doublet because it does not qualify for the SDE+ subsidy. It has been given a value of 2 €ct/kWh, which represents the cost price of an alternative hot water installation. This value is subtracted from the OPEX.